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This section of the home page allows you to view descriptions and examples of the formats throughout the month quickly and easily.
Poems based on cacophony sound typically have hard-to-pronounce letter combinations that can twist your tongue when read aloud. Perfect word choice can really make your poem stand out.
Elegies are usually about mourning the loss of a loved one, but occasionally it can be used for self-reflection. For beginners, elegies can be written about the loss of something you desired.
Free verse poems will bend over their backs if you tell them to. The poet can format their poem however they like to- rhyme or no rhyme, metaphors or not- free verse's are, well, free!
The ghazal is composed of a minimum of five couplets—and typically no more than fifteen—that are structurally, thematically, and emotionally autonomous. Each line of the poem must be of the same length, though meter is not imposed in English. The first couplet introduces a scheme, made up of a rhyme followed by a refrain. Subsequent couplets pick up the same scheme in the second line only, repeating the refrain and rhyming the second line with both lines of the first stanza. The final couplet usually includes the poet's signature, referring to the author in the first or third person, and frequently including the poet's own name or a derivation of its meaning."
Haiku poems consist of 3 lines. The first and last lines of a Haiku have 5 syllables and the middle line has 7 syllables. The lines rarely rhyme."
Odes were usually ment to be sung when they were created. They are often ceremonious and are made addresses a person place, thing, or idea.
Prose poems don't look like poems, but paragraphs, since they don't have any obvious lines or stanzas, but prose poems contain poetic devices that are obvious and distinguish a prose poem from a paragraph.
A four line poem that can go on for infinitely many stanzas.
Sestinas are undoubtedly difficult, and rather hard to explain. Click here to learn how Sestinas work.
Iambic Pentameter; 10 syllables per line. They focus on a sentimment, but the thought or view of it changes throughout the poem. It contains 14 lines and are composed of 3 quatrains and a concluding couplet. The rhyme scheme is ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. Click here for more information. (Shakesperean Sonnet)
Tercets have lots of different rhyme patterns, but they are poems with 3 lines per stanza. (Minimum 4 stanzas during Poetry 30/30)
A poem consitsting of a minimum of four tercets in the rhyme pattern ABA BCB CDC DED...(etc.,)
A refrain is a line that repeats throughout the poem. Villanelle's refrains and a rhyme pattern that flows really ncie. A popular villanelle is "Do not go gentle into that good night", by Dylan Thomas. Click here to learn more about Villanelles.